Below is a snippet from a circular letter published in 1843 for the North River United Baptist Association in 1843. Beginning in 1832, David Andrews an “Arminian” pastor was ousted from Bethel Baptist Church in Tuscaloosa and eventually led in the formation of the North River association. In the 1843 minutes, the circular letter is […]
Baptist historian, Robert Baylor Semple (1769-1831), published the minutes of the first Separate Baptist Association held May, 1771 in Orange county, Virginia.1 Samuel Harriss was chosen moderator, and John Waller, Jr. was elected clerk, both ministers of whom, according to Semple, were strong advocates of the “Arminian” stream flowing into the Baptist river of theology. In the […]
Art. 5. We believe that Jesus Christ, the son of God, did make an atonement for all men in general but the benefits of the atonement specially are only received by the True believer. –Minutes of North River United Baptist Association Convened at Salem Meeting House, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, 1843.
As a somewhat entertaining illustration in how Old English Particular Baptists exploited the biblical doctrine of election to theologically flog their General Baptist kinsmen, below is a verse from a popular hymn sang in Particular Baptist churches: We are the Lord’s elected few, Let all the rest be damned; There’s room enough in hell for […]
Andrew Fuller, (b. 1754), was hardly less influential among the Particular Baptists. His modified Calvinistic theology had great influence on the Baptists of the United States, as well as of England, especially his teaching of a general atonement sufficient for the sins of the race, not a particular atonement for the elect only. –“Elements in […]
If grace could reach the dying thief, And persecuting Saul, Could give to Magdalene relief, And freely pardon all: May not a sinner, such as I, O thou forgiving God, Who justly do deserve to die, Find pardon in thy blood? Before thy throne of grace, oh God, Upon my bended knee, I humbly pray […]
The Apostle John records as a final invitation in his Revelation of Jesus Christ these magnificent words The Spirit and the bride say, “Come.” Let anyone who hears this say, “Come.” Let anyone who is thirsty come. Let anyone who desires drink freely from the water of life. (Revelation 22.17, NLT). Personally, I think the […]
In his book, Metaphysics, philosopher Richard Taylor discusses the thorny problem of determinism and free will, a fascinating read, I might add–one that most of us, though challenging it remains, can, for the most part, understand. And, as I was reading it, my mind immediately snagged a possible application his discussion has for Calvinists and […]
It seems to be taken for granted that all those venerable fathers, who founded the Baptist Denomination in this state [Georgia], were as stern calvinistic preachers as are the opposers of the new plans. But this is altogether a mistake. Abraham Marshall [Son of Daniel] was never considered a predestinarian preacher. Some of them were […]
Though not well known today, Zechariah Thornton Cody (1858-1935) stands as no stranger to either Southern Baptists in general or to Georgia Baptists particularly. While Alabamian by birth, Cody attended Mercer University, was ordained to ministry by the Second Baptist Church, Atlanta, GA and later received a D.D. degree from Bowden College, GA. Cody was a sophisticated […]
On November 3rd, 1832, several Baptist churches in northern Louisiana met to form the Concord Missionary Baptist Association. Leaving behind the strict Calvinistic roots of the older Louisiana Association, Concord Baptists would unite around articles of faith less controversial for Louisiana churches than the old confession apparently produced. Below is the theological document upon which […]
In or around January, 1892, The Magazine of Christian Literature had begun running a series of articles on The Sovereignty of God written by Dr. G.W. Northrup (1826-1900), President of the Chicago Divinity School. These articles had already been published in The Standard. Though not so known among Baptists today, Northup remained an undeniable influence […]
In the final essay in his series critiquing strict Calvinism’s understanding of God’s Sovereignty in Predestination, Dr. G.W. Northrup proposes to “apply to the case of infants dying in infancy and of the congenitally idiotic the positions of the Calvinistic system already discussed.”1 On the whole, and contrary to many today who seem to feel […]
In closing his third essay in the series entitled “The Sovereignty of God in Predestination as Held by Many Representative Calvinistic Theologians,” G.W. Northrup asked and answered two specific questions.
Part I of this series began with a brief background to the publication of a book entitled The Sovereignty of God (Kentucky: Baptist Book Concern, 1894) by longtime editor of The Western Recorder, T.T. Eaton. Eaton published in The Western Recorder a series of critical replies to then president of the University of Chicago Divinity […]
The Western Recorder is and has been the denominational paper for Kentucky Baptists since 1826. At the turn of the 19th century, T.T. Eaton was editor of the Kentucky paper, a position he had held much of his life. For 27 years, Eaton was pastor of the historic Walnut Street Baptist Church in downtown Louisville.
A fourth reason why infant baptism ought to cease. It reflects injuriously upon God, and tarnishes the glory of the atonement. It originated in the frightful dogma of infant damnation; and still connives at and fosters that abominable heresy. It nourishes, also, that other heresy to which men are so prone, which detracts from the […]
Certainly; if there were no way of saving children but by the Gospel, this conclusion [i.e. that infant salvation would be impossible] would be inevitable. The Gospel saves none but by faith. But the Gospel has nothing to do with infants, nor have Gospel ordinances any respect to them. The Gospel has to do with […]
In their commentary on Romans 5:18, 19th century Baptist New Testament scholars Albert Arnold and D.B. Ford write: A few words in regard to the future condition of those dying in infancy. We scarcely need an apostle to tell us that a condemnation and death has been visited upon them on account of sin not […]
Dr. Franklin Howard Kerfoot (1847-1901) though not a name widely recognized in Baptist circles today was, during the latter quarter of the 19th century, a formidable leader among Southern Baptists. He served as pastor, denominational leader and seminary professor. Dr. Kerfoot was born a Virginian but died a Georgian. After serving in the Confederate Army […]